Pelvic floor physical therapy is a type of physical therapy that focuses on the muscles and tissues in the pelvic floor region. This area includes the muscles, ligaments, and connective tissues that support the bladder, uterus, and rectum in both men and women. Pelvic floor physical therapy can be used to treat a variety of conditions, including urinary incontinence, pelvic pain, and sexual dysfunction.
During a pelvic floor physical therapy session, a trained therapist will perform an evaluation to determine the underlying cause of the patient’s symptoms. This may include a physical examination of the pelvic floor muscles and surrounding tissues, as well as an assessment of the patient’s posture, breathing patterns, and overall movement.
Based on the evaluation, the therapist will develop a personalized treatment plan to address the patient’s specific needs. This may include a combination of exercises to strengthen or relax the pelvic floor muscles, manual therapy techniques to release tight muscles or fascia, biofeedback to help the patient learn how to control their pelvic floor muscles, and lifestyle modifications to improve overall health and reduce symptoms.
Pelvic floor physical therapy can be effective in treating a wide range of conditions, including:
Urinary incontinence: Pelvic floor physical therapy can help strengthen the muscles that control bladder function, reducing episodes of urinary leakage.
Pelvic pain: Pelvic floor physical therapy can help release tension in the pelvic floor muscles and surrounding tissues, reducing pain and discomfort.
Sexual dysfunction: Pelvic floor physical therapy can improve sexual function by addressing underlying issues with the pelvic floor muscles and improving blood flow to the genital area.
Pregnancy and postpartum care: Pelvic floor physical therapy can help prepare the pelvic floor for childbirth and facilitate recovery after delivery.
If you are experiencing symptoms related to the pelvic floor, such as urinary incontinence, pelvic pain, or sexual dysfunction, consider seeking the help of a trained pelvic floor physical therapist. With the right treatment plan, you can improve your symptoms and regain control of your pelvic health.